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Embracing Cultural Fluidity

Image by Gerd Altmann by Pixaby

In our globalized world, cultural fluidity is a dynamic brand strategy for expanding reach and connecting with diverse audiences. As societies become more interconnected and diverse, brands must adapt, fostering meaningful connections with a broad and diverse audience. Understanding and targeting this diverse audience helps brands stay relevant, uncover new opportunities, promote inclusivity, and strengthen customer loyalty.

Shifting Demographics and Globalization

Cultural fluidity is influenced by demographic shifts, evident in the 2020 Census data. White Americans experienced a near double-digit population decline, contrasting with a 23% growth in the U.S. Hispanic population to over 62 million. A significant 40% ofAmericans self-identify as a race other than White, marking a 129% increase from 2010, while the multiracial population surged by 276%. Changing demographic shifts highlight the impact of globalization, emphasizing the need for brands to become culturally fluid. As borders blur and communication becomes more instantaneous, brands must embrace diversity and cultural awareness.

Impact on Branding

Consumers, especially younger generations, demand brands to embrace and celebrate diversity. A Nielsen study, “Multicultural Millennials: The Multiplier Effect,” revealed that this population, constituting almost half of the Millennial generation, spends over $65 billion annually and influences over $1 trillion in total consumer spending. Like Millennials, Gen Z’s spending power is projected to reach trillions of dollars annually. According to Bloomberg, Gen Z has $360 billion in disposable income, more than double an estimate from three years ago. Cultural fluidity enables brands to remain relevant and meet the evolving expectations of their diverse target audience.

Strategies for Cultivating Connections with Diverse Audiences

Establishing meaningful connections becomes imperative as brands expand their reach into new countries, regions, local markets, and cultures. It goes beyond merely translating existing content; it requires tailoring messaging to resonate with specific communities. While your core messaging can still be delivered to diverse audiences, building trust and loyalty necessitates a targeted approach. Explore these ten strategies to foster a positive impact on your brand within diverse communities.

  1. Conduct A Brand Audit: Review your current marketing materials, including assets, websites, social media, and advertising, to identify areas where you may be exclusionary or offensive. Ensure that your brand reflects diversity and inclusivity in all aspects.

  2. Know Your Audiences: Conduct in-depth research to understand your target audience’s demographics, behaviors, and values in diverse markets. Immerse yourself in local experiences, such as exploring the economic vibrancy of Chinatown in Los Angeles or attending an Indian Harvest Festival in Colorado Springs to understand unique flavors. Go to Miami to engage with Cuban Americans who play dominoes to understand their culture. Brands successfully navigating this can establish a deeper appreciation and understanding with their consumers. An example is House of Tara, a Nigerian cosmetics brand celebrating African beauty and offering a wide range of makeup products tailored to African skin tones. House of Tara started as a small venture. It became a sophisticated organization with many products and services, a multi-channel distribution network, professional makeup schools, and high-touch customer service. Her company was named by L’Oreal as a strategic distributor for Nigeria of the leading international cosmetics brand Maybelline.

  3. Create Authentic Relationships: Cultivate genuine relationships with your audience by being culturally curious. Fostering trust, authenticity, and a shared sense of exploration can be achieved by authentically representing diversity in all brand and marketing initiatives. For example, Nike’s “You can’t stop us” campaign features various athletes, including individuals from various cultural backgrounds and disabled and able-bodied athletes in different sports. The campaign created a deep emotional connection worldwide.

  4. Make It Accessible: Ensure your brand is accessible to everyone, considering physical accessibility in stores or websites and providing content in multiple formats, such as braille or audio for those with disabilities. Microsoft’s “We all win” campaign showcases the Xbox Adaptive Controller, made with touchpads and bright colors for easy use by the visually impaired, emphasizing inclusivity for customers with disabilities.

  5. Communication Matters: Be mindful of your language, avoiding exclusionary and  discriminatory language. In Hallmark’s “Share more merry this season” holiday campaign, a young girl joyfully engages in holiday traditions with the entire dialogue presented in sign language.

  6. Visual Representation: Your brand's visuals play a crucial role in connecting with diverse audiences. Ensure that people of different backgrounds are represented in photos, graphics, and videos - vital ways to make your audience feel seen, heard, and reflected. Third Love, a lingerie company, showcases real women of all ages, shapes, races, and untouched and varying body types.

  7. Collaboration and Partnerships: Collaborate with organizations and influencers championing diversity and inclusion. These partnerships can enhance your brand's credibility M-A-C's Viva Glam campaign, supported by celebrities like RuPaul and Rihanna, exemplifies how partnerships can make a profound difference in supporting the health and rights of all.

  8. Storytelling: Share stories that resonate with your audience, highlighting the experiences of diverse individuals benefiting from your products or services. Stories are a powerful tool for creating an emotional connection. Bumble’s “Find me on bumble” campaign features diverse real-life users of different genders, races, abilities, religions, and sexualities, celebrating the diversity of the inspiring people encountered in NYC.

  9. Product Customization: Customize your products to align with diverse audiences’ specific preferences, tastes, and cultural nuances. This goes beyond just localization; it involves understanding and incorporating elements that resonate with different cultures. An excellent example of this strategy is Coca-Cola’s regionalization off flavors. In various countries, Coca-Cola has introduced unique flavors that cater to local tastes, such as Maaza in India, which offers mango-flavored beverages, recognizing the popularity of mango in the Indian culture. By allowing customers to tailor their product experience based on their cultural preferences, brands can successfully connect with diverse audiences on a more personal level.

  10. Cross-Cultural Experiential Marketing: Implement experiential marketing strategies that transcend cultural boundaries and offer immersive experiences. Create events or activations allowing individuals from different backgrounds to share experiences. Global Tastes Experiences by Google Maps: Google Maps can introduce a “Global Tastes” feature that goes beyond traditional restaurant recommendations. This feature would curate local culinary experiences, allowing users to virtually explore and engage in cooking classes, food festivals, and dining with customers from different cultures. By bringing diverse global tastes to users, Google Maps enhances the app’s functionality and promotes cross-cultural understanding and appreciation. This innovative approach contributes to a more culturally fluid brand image.

Challenges To Be Aware Of

Navigating the challenges inherent in this approach is crucial for crafting impactful marketing strategies. Let's explore key challenges and effective solutions, drawing insights from successful brands that have navigated the complexities of cultural fluidity.

Lack Of Diversity In Marketing Teams

  • Challenge: Without diverse perspectives within marketing teams, there's a risk of overlooking cultural nuances. This can result in campaigns that lack inclusivity, fail to resonate with diverse audiences, fail to connect authentically, or worse, may inadvertently offend or miscommunicate. The absence of varied viewpoints can hinder creativity and innovation in marketing strategies.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Build diverse and inclusive marketing teams. Invest in cultural competency training for your team to deepen their understanding of diverse perspectives. Encourage a work environment that celebrates differences and welcomes perspectives from individuals with varied cultural backgrounds. Google's commitment to cultural competency is evident through its various initiatives, including unconscious bias training and fostering an inclusive workplace. This commitment translates into marketing strategies that authentically resonate with diverse audiences worldwide.

Limited Resources

  • Challenge: Budget constraints pose a challenge in creating tailored marketing content for diverse audiences. This limitation can hinder the reach and impact of campaigns, especially for small to mid-sized businesses with constrained financial resources, time, and expertise.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Prioritize initiatives that offer the highest impact within the available budget. Leverage marketing automation tools to streamline the process of creating and implementing marketing campaigns efficiently. Despite having limited resources, Airbnb successfully executed hyper-localized marketing campaigns in various countries. By tailoring messages to specific locations, Airbnb created a sense of belonging and personalized connections with its diverse audience, demonstrating the power of strategic resource allocation.


  • Challenge: Superficial inclusion efforts may result in token representation without meaningful engagement, leading to skepticism and distrust from diverse audiences.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Invest time in understanding your audience and cultivating a culture of genuine inclusion. Ensure diverse voices actively participate in decision-making. Brands like Dove have successfully embraced inclusivity by authentically featuring a diverse range of women in their campaigns.

Fear Of Backlash

  • Challenge: There might be hesitancy in embracing diversity due to potential backlash from non-diverse audiences who may resist change. This fear can result in missed opportunities to reach new and diverse audiences.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Address concerns openly, emphasizing diversity’s importance and positive impact. Use data and insights to demonstrate the business case for cultural fluidity and its positive impact on brand loyalty and customer satisfaction. Nike’s “Just Do It’ campaign featuring Colin Kaepernick sparked controversy, but the brand stood firm in its values, leading to increased sales and loyalty. The transparent communication about their commitment to social justice resonated positively with diverse and non-diverse audiences.

Performative Marketing

  • Challenge: Highlighting specific communities selectively for brand convenience can lead to inauthenticity, being perceived as performative marketing, and resulting in accusations of insincerity, potentially damaging brand credibility.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Back marketing efforts with tangible actions demonstrating genuine commitment. Inclusive brands live their values consistently, avoiding token gestures during specific events. Barnes & Noble’s plan to launch race-swapped covers for literary classics during Black History Month received instant backlash. Critics argued that the campaign did not contribute to Black readers and authors, as the characters’ stories were not rewritten. Barnes & Noble shelved the campaign after acknowledging these concerns. A more authentic approach could have promoted under appreciated works by Black authors as “new literary classics,” aligning with the true spirit of Black History Month

Language Barriers

  • Challenge: Miscommunication can occur if language nuances are not considered, leading to messages that may be misinterpreted.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Employ native speakers and utilize professional translation services to ensure accurate and culturally sensitive communication. Coca-Cola is an example of a brand that navigates language barriers effectively by adapting its taglines to resonate with local cultures.

Lack Of Research And Understanding

  • Challenge: Insufficient knowledge about diverse markets may result in misguided marketing strategies that fail to connect with the target audience.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Conduct comprehensive market research, engage local experts, and build a deep understanding of the cultural landscape. McDonald’s, for instance, tailors its menu offerings to suit local tastes in different countries.

Resistent To Change

  • Challenge: Existing organizational structures may resist adapting to a culturally fluid approach due to entrenched practices.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Advocate for the benefits of cultural fluidity, demonstrate success stories, and foster a culture that embraces change. An example is Microsoft, which transformed its marketing strategies to align with evolving consumer expectations and technological advancements.

Hopping On The Bandwagon

  • Challenge: Brands may engage in diversity initiatives solely for profit, lacking a genuine commitment to inclusivity. When they do, the backlash is swift.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Ensure diversity efforts align with your company’s core brand values, vision, and mission rather than pursuing trends. Learn from the example of Pepsi Co, which pulled an ad featuring model Kendal Jenner speaking about police brutality when it prompted outrage from those who felt it trivialized rights protests and public unrest in the United States.

Relying On Stereotypes

  • Challenge: Relying on stereotypes perpetuates biases and may alienate diverse audiences by reinforcing inaccurate and limiting perceptions.

  • Overcoming The Challenge: Invest in research to understand the diversity within target audiences and avoid stereotypical portrayals. Have a dedicated team of marketers or diversity, equity, or inclusion experts review creative and messaging through different lenses and lived experiences. An example is Burger King’s controversial tweet on International Women’s Day. The tweet, stating “Women belong in the kitchen,” aimed to address gender disparity in the UK restaurant industry but faced immediate backlash for being tone-deaf. Despite later providing context and apology, the campaign highlighted the importance of avoiding insensitive stereotypes.

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